Độc đáo ở thánh đường người Chăm Hồi giáo

Thứ sáu, ngày 2 tháng 5 (lịch Chăm, tức ngày 21/8/2009) là ngày đầu tiên các tu sĩ của người Chăm theo đạo Hồi ở Bình Thuận bước vào thánh đường để ăn chay và đọc kinh Koran theo giáo luật.

 

Từ kiến trúc độc đáo

Thánh đường của người Chăm còn gọi theo tiếng Chăm là “thang Mugik” hay nhiều người dân địa phương còn quen gọi là chùa. Thánh đường bao giờ cũng nằm ở một khu đất trống giữa làng. Nó là sản phẩm trí tuệ không chỉ của các vị chức sắc trong làng, mà còn là tinh thần ý nguyện và sự đóng góp của cả Plây Chăm (làng Chăm). Ngoài những nét bắt buộc chung của người Hồi giáo như các họa tiết hoa văn, màu sắc phải tuân thủ, thì các thánh đường của người Chăm có những nét rất riêng, theo phong tục và truyền thống của nền văn minh lúa nước. Nhìn từ ngoài vào, các thánh đường bao giờ cũng có cổng quay về hướng Nam. Cổng thánh đường không bao giờ đi thẳng như các cổng làng ở nền văn minh sông Hồng, cũng không giống như các cổng làng của người Chăm ở các tỉnh An Giang, người Khơ-me ở Sóc trăng. Để khi đi vào người ta phải đi vòng sang trái rồi sau đó mới vào được Thánh đường. Đây là một nét đặc biệt mà rất ít người hiểu rằng nó bắt nguồn từ bối cảnh kiến trúc chung của người Chăm cổ. Điều đó cũng dễ hiểu bởi Hồi giáo vốn chỉ du nhập vào xã hội Chăm từ thế kỉ XVII thông qua con đường giao thương của người phương Tây. Ngay sau khi bước vào thánh đường, ta nhìn thấy  phía bên phải có một cái hồ chứa nước rất lớn. Đây là hồ chứa nước để các tu sĩ sử dụng trong suốt tháng ăn chay Ramưwan. Thánh đường của người chăm Hồi giáo thường được xây không cao lắm nhưng rất kiên cố. Chất liệu chính được làm bằng gạch, ngói và dùng nhiều cột bằng gỗ chứ không xây trụ xi măng như nhà của người Kinh trong vùng. Hai bên hông thánh đường là hai hành lang rộng, có nhiều cửa sổ được làm bằng gỗ hoặc bằng sắt. Thánh đường Hồi giáo Chăm được trang trí rất đơn giản, không cầu kì nhưng luôn cao ráo và mát mẻ. Mặt chính của thánh đường là bàn lễ được làm bằng kính có hoa văn. Phía trong, chính là quyển kinh Thánh Koran. Trong thánh đường chỉ có duy nhất một cái giường dành riêng cho vị sư cả đặt ở phía trái, một cái trống to phía dưới góc phải thánh đường và một ít đồ dùng khác chuyên dụng trong tháng ăn chay. Bên trong thánh đường có hai hàng cột to nằm giữa được sơn bóng loáng.

 Đến nghi lễ trong thánh đường

Bình thường, nếu không phải là tháng ăn chay thì thánh đường rất ít người lui tới ngoài những người có trách nhiệm được sư cả phân công. Thánh đường chỉ “hoạt động”  khi có  các nghi lễ như  nhập đạo, thăng chức… Đặc biệt, thánh đường sẽ được hoạt động hết công suất khi tháng ăn chay Ramưwan về, bắt đầu từ ngày 1 tháng 5 theo lịch Hồi giáo. Đây là thời gian mà hàng trăm tín đồ  trong Plây Chăm vào thánh đường để thực thi nghĩa vụ  giáo luật là “ép xác” ăn chay. Theo phong tục của người Chăm Hồi giáo thì vào chùa để ăn chay không đơn thuần chỉ là nghi thức của giáo luật mà nó còn thể hiện tính giáo dục đạo đức, răn đe cho mỗi con người. Thực thi giáo luật nghiêm túc có nghĩa là đã thấu hiểu và chia sẻ được những gian truân khổ cực của người nghèo. Chính vì lẽ đó, trong tháng ăn chay nhà nhà đều chăm chú hướng về nơi thánh đường linh thiêng. Ở đó có người thân của họ đang cầu kinh Thánh Koran . Cứ sau mỗi bài kinh thánh là lại có một hồi trống vang lên. Các tu sĩ lại được phép nghỉ ngơi và ăn uống những thức ăn do chính người thân trong gia đình mình mang đến. Chính những dịp này, các bà các chị phụ nữ lại có dịp được đến thánh đường để dâng nghi lễ, không chỉ để tỏ lòng biết ơn đấng tối cao mà còn là để phục vụ cho các tu sĩ sau những nghi lễ khắt khe của giáo luật. Trong tháng ăn chay Ramưwan chỉ có đêm thứ mười và đêm thứ mười lăm là đông vui nhất và cũng là quan trọng nhất với không chỉ các tu sĩ, mà còn với cả người thân trong gia đình họ. Đêm thứ mười là đêm đọc kinh để bày tỏ lòng thành kính và biết ơn tổ tiên, ông bà mình. Vì vậy,  có rất nhiều các chị, các bà được phép đến thánh đường để chứng kiến các nghi thức và cũng là để được chắp tay cầu nguyện tổ tiên ông bà. Ngay từ chiều tối hôm đó, các mâm cỗ đã được chị em phụ nữ đội  lên  xếp thành hàng phía bên trong thánh đường. Nghi lễ tôn giáo được diễn ra rất uy nghiêm và trang trọng dưới sự chỉ đạo của vị sư cả trụ trì. Bên ngoài thánh đường, tiếng trẻ thơ vẫn cười đùa vui vẻ. Chúng không hề biết phía trong, cha ông  đang thực hiện những khát khao nguyện cầu cho quốc thái dân an, cho mưa thuận gió hòa. Bởi lẽ thực hiện nghi lễ trong thánh đường là chỉ dành riêng cho những người tu sĩ. Trong suốt tháng ăn chay Ramưwan, Plây Chăm không hề được diễn ra bất cứ điều gì gây mất trật tự thôn xóm. Điều này không chỉ là giáo luật mà còn được chính người dân Plây Chăm tôn kính và tuân thủ rất nghiêm túc.  

Quốc Hanh
(Theo Bình Thuận)

Theo Binhthuantoday.com

 

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  121. Hey, how’s it going?

    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel. Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible.

    Jewish Rabbis have publicly announced that their Messiah will be revealed in the coming years who will be a leader and spiritual guide to all nations, gathering all religions under the worship of one God. They deny Jesus as their Messiah, and the Bible tells us this Jewish Messiah will be the counterfiet that will bring about a false peace, and ultimatley the great tribulation.

    They even printed a coin to raise money for the Temple with Donald Trumps face on the front and with king Cyrus'(who built the second Temple) behind him. On the back of the coin is an image of the third Temple.

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them. This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically in Revelation 13:16-18:

    “He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

    Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.”

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards. Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency. This Mark couldn’t be spiritual because the word references two different physical locations. If it was spiritual it would just say in the forehead. RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency. It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus. AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    “Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name” (Revelation 14:9-11).

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we needed two key things. One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast.

    Visit http://WWW.BIBLEFREEDOM.COM to see proof for these things and much more!

    If you haven’t already, it is time to seek God with all your heart. Jesus loves you more than you could imagine. He wants to have a relationship with you and redeem you from your sins. Turn to Him and repent while there is still hope! God bless!

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